- 德牧的发展历史 阅读次数753
History of the German Shepherd Dog
Note: This is by no means intended as an extensive history of the breed, but rather an overview of how the German Shepherd Dog as we know it today came into existence. There are many good books and websites on the subject for further study.
The German Shepherd Dog's long and noble history began in the late 1800's with an idea for breeding strong, intelligent, highly trainable dogs for herding and guarding sheep. Not only breeding, but breeding true to form--to a standard. Until this point, any dog showing propensity for herding was used for that purpose. Therefore, many different breeds were in use, and there was a need to pinpoint abilities and pass them on genetically.
Rittmeister (Cavalry Captain) Max Emil Frederich von Stephanitz (photo 1)-- --universally accepted as the "Father of the Breed"--saw a dog in 1899 while attending a dog show in Karlsruhe, Germany; a herding dog which he felt had all the qualities he had been searching for: instinctive herding ability, high trainability, dignity, intelligence, strong build and quiet demeanor. This dog fit the motto von Stephanitz had coined for his new breed: "Utility and Intelligence", and he purchased the dog on the spot. That dog became Horand von Grafrath, the foundation dog of the German Shepherd breed, and given the designation SZ1, the very first German Shepherd Dog in the German Shepherd Dog Club, the SV. Von Stephanitz searched for *****es of Horand's type to breed with him, and being very picky, it was a hard search indeed. By carefully and selectively breeding and inbreeding, it was possible to create a line of dogs that bred true to form. Captain von Stephanitz, who had served with the
in Veterinary College while in the military, used his extensive biological knowledge to help him in the science of breeding dogs. Berlin
[被公认为是该品种之父的骑兵上尉马克思·艾米尔·费德利其·范·斯迪芬尼茨（译者：名字很长呦，中国人可以简称：范·斯迪芬尼茨上校：Max Emil Frederich von Stephanitz。参见下图1）在1899年德国卡尔斯鲁厄地区的一次狗展赛上，发现了一只符合他理想中的所有特征的领他心仪的牧羊犬：具有放牧本能、易于训练、聪明、威严、构造强健、并且（行动）具有风度。这只犬完全符合他设定的“实用和聪明”的原则，他当即购买了它。 这只狗后来被命名为霍兰德·范·格拉佛斯，也是德国牧羊犬的奠基犬，被定义为SZ1---第一只德国牧羊犬俱乐部[缩写：SV]的注册犬。范·斯迪芬尼茨上校开始为它挑选适合它的母犬，由于（上校采取的）标准非常严格，挑选工作非常艰难。上校小心谨慎地饲养和繁殖他们，并逐渐形成新的一支适合饲养标准的品种。范·斯迪芬尼茨上校在军中服役时，曾经在柏林兽医学院学习过，他广博的生物学知识帮助他科学的繁育了这个品种。]